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What is Belgian d’Uccle Chicken: Characteristics, History, Behavior

Welcome to the fascinating world of Belgian d’Uccle chicken! You’ve come to the right place if you’re a poultry enthusiast or simply curious about these charming feathered creatures. With their unique appearance and delightful personalities, Belgian d’Uccles have captured the hearts of chicken lovers around the globe.

In this blog post, we’ll explore the history and origin of Belgian d’Uccle chickens, explore their physical characteristics in detail, uncover their behavior and temperament traits, discuss their uses and purposes on farms or as backyard pets, shed some light on their egg production capabilities and broodiness tendencies, and finally, answer the burning question: Is this beautiful breed considered rare?

Belgian d’Uccle Chicken History and Origin

Belgian d’Uccle chickens have a rich history that can be traced back to the small village of Uccle in Belgium, from which they derive their name. These charming birds were developed in the early 20th century by Michel Van Gelder, a renowned Belgian poultry breeder passionate about creating unique and attractive chicken breeds.

The exact origins of the Belgian d’Uccle are shrouded in mystery, but it is widely believed that they were created by crossing Dutch booted bantams with Antwerp Bearded bantams. This careful breeding resulted in a breed that showcased the best traits of both parent breeds while possessing distinct characteristics.

Belgian d’Uccle chicken

Initially bred for ornamental purposes, Belgian d’Uccles quickly gained popularity among poultry enthusiasts due to their striking appearance. Their beautifully feathered legs and fluffy plumage make them stand out from other chicken breeds. The variety of colors and patterns available – including mille fleur, porcelain, and black – only adds to their visual appeal.

Over time, these charming birds made their way beyond Belgium’s borders and captivated chicken lovers worldwide. Today, they are not only admired for their aesthetics but also valued for their friendly nature and adaptability as backyard pets or show birds. Their fascinating history is just one part of what makes Belgian d’Uccles such beloved creatures among poultry enthusiasts everywhere!

Physical Characteristics

Belgian d’Uccle chickens are known for their distinct and charming appearance. Here are the key physical characteristics of the breed:


  • Belgian d’Uccles are small chickens with a compact and rounded body shape.
  • They have a well-developed chest and a short, broad back.
  • Their wings are held closely to the body, and they have a short tail that is carried at a slight angle.


  • The head of a Belgian d’Uccle is small and round, fitting well with its overall compact body.
  • They have a small, neat single comb that usually consists of five points.

Plumage and Feathers:

  • One of the most distinctive features of Belgian d’Uccles is their feathered legs and feet. They have an abundance of soft, fluffy feathers that cover their legs and even their toes.
  • Feathering on the legs and feet is often referred to as “muffs” (on the cheeks) and “beards” (under the chin).
  • The feathers on the legs and feet can come in various colors and patterns, depending on the specific variety.

Size and Weight:

  • Belgian d’Uccles are classified as bantam chickens, which are miniaturized versions of standard breeds.
  • On average, a Belgian d’Uccle hen weighs around 1 to 1.25 pounds (450 to 570 grams), while roosters typically weigh between 1.25 to 1.5 pounds (570 to 680 grams).


  • Their legs are relatively short and covered with the fluffy feathering mentioned earlier.
  • Like most chicken breeds, Belgian d’Uccles have four toes on each foot, but due to the feathering, the toes might be less visible.

Colors and Varieties:

  • Belgian d’Uccles come in various color varieties, including Mille Fleur (with a mix of black, white, and reddish-brown feathers), Porcelain (white with delicate bluish-grey lacing), and many others.
  • Each color variety has its unique beauty, contributing to the breed’s overall appeal.

Belgian d’Uccle chickens are small, ornamental bantam chickens with unique feathers on their legs and feet. Their rounded body shape, feathered head, and distinct color patterns make them highly sought after for their charming appearance. This breed embodies both elegance and quirkiness, making it a favorite among poultry enthusiasts who appreciate its special qualities.

Belgian d’Uccle Chicken Behavior and Temperament

Belgian d’Uccle chickens are known for their unique appearance and gentle temperament. Here’s an overview of their behavior and temperament:

  1. Gentle and Docile: Belgian d’Uccles are known for their gentle and docile nature. They are generally calm and friendly birds, which makes them suitable for backyard flocks, family environments, and even children’s interactions.
  2. Tame and Friendly: These chickens often become quite tame with regular handling and socialization. They can be quite friendly towards their owners and may even enjoy being held and petted.
  3. Non-Aggressive: Belgian d’Uccles are not aggressive birds. They usually get along well with other chickens and even with different poultry breeds. However, as with any chicken breed, there can be exceptions, so monitoring their interactions is always good, especially during introductions to new flock members.
  4. Calm Demeanor: Their calm demeanor makes them well-suited for smaller spaces and urban environments where loud or aggressive behavior might not be desirable.
  5. Broodiness: Some Belgian d’Uccles can exhibit broody behavior, meaning they might want to sit on a clutch of eggs and try to hatch them. This can be advantageous if you’re interested in raising chicks, but it might also reduce egg production during this period.
  6. Foraging: Like most chickens, Belgian d’Uccles enjoy foraging for insects, seeds, and greens. Providing them ample space to scratch and peck around benefits their mental and physical well-being.
  7. Winter Hardy: Belgian d’Uccles have feathered feet and legs, which provides some insulation against colder weather. However, their small size might make them more susceptible to extreme cold, so it’s still important to provide proper shelter and protection during colder months.
  8. Avoid Overcrowding: While they are relatively small chickens, it’s important to provide adequate space for them to move around. Overcrowding can lead to stress and health issues.
  9. Considerate Handling: Because of their small size and gentle nature, Belgian d’Uccles should be handled with care to avoid accidental injury. Children should be supervised when interacting with any type of poultry.

Remember that individual chickens, regardless of breed, can have their unique personalities. While the breed does have general behavioral characteristics, there can always be exceptions within a breed. Proper care, socialization, and a suitable environment are key factors in ensuring that your Belgian d’Uccles exhibit the friendly and gentle temperament they are known for.

Uses and Purpose

Belgian d’Uccle chickens, despite their small size and ornamental appearance, have several uses and purposes. While they are not typically raised for meat or egg production like some larger commercial breeds, they do have value in various contexts:

  1. Ornamental Purpose: One of the primary uses of Belgian d’Uccles is ornamental. Their unique and charming appearance, including their feathered feet, distinct color patterns, and compact size, makes them popular choices for hobbyists and enthusiasts who want to raise chickens primarily for their aesthetic appeal.
  2. Backyard Pets: Belgian d’Uccles are gentle, friendly, and well-suited to backyard and small-scale poultry keeping. They can be wonderful pets, especially for families with children or individuals looking for small, manageable chickens with approachable personalities.
  3. Educational Tool: These chickens can serve as educational tools for teaching children and others about animal husbandry, biology, and responsible pet care. Their relatively docile nature makes them good subjects for educational programs.
  4. Broodiness and Hatching: As mentioned earlier, some Belgian d’Uccles exhibit broody behavior. This can be advantageous for individuals interested in hatching their chicks. By allowing a broody hen to incubate eggs, you can experience the joy of raising chicks from the very beginning.
  5. Exhibition and Shows: Belgian d’Uccles are popular in poultry exhibitions and shows due to their unique appearance and breed standards. Enthusiasts often showcase their birds in various competitions to celebrate the breed’s qualities and to engage with the poultry community.
  6. Community and Social Engagement: Raising Belgian d’Uccles can be a way to connect with like-minded individuals who share an interest in poultry keeping. Many poultry enthusiasts enjoy joining local clubs and online forums to discuss breeding, genetics, and general chicken care.
  7. Feather and Egg Collection: While not a primary purpose, some individuals may collect feathers for crafts or artistic projects. However, since Belgian d’Uccles are not prolific egg layers, they are not typically raised for egg production.
  8. Genetic Diversity: Preserving and breeding Belgian d’Uccles can contribute to conserving heritage poultry breeds and genetic diversity within the poultry population. This is important for maintaining a healthy and robust poultry gene pool.

It’s important to note that the primary purpose of raising Belgian d’Uccles is often personal enjoyment, appreciation of their unique traits, and participation in the poultry community. If you’re considering raising them, provide appropriate care, suitable shelter, and social interaction to ensure their well-being and fully appreciate the benefits they can bring to your poultry-keeping experience.

Belgian d’Uccle Hen Egg Production and Broodiness

Belgian d’Uccle hens are not particularly known for their egg production. They are considered more of an ornamental breed than a prolific egg layer. However, they can still lay a modest number of eggs, and their broody nature can have both advantages and drawbacks.

Egg Production:

  • On average, a Belgian d’Uccle hen might lay around 150 to 200 small eggs annually, though individual variation can be significant.
  • The eggs are typically small in size, with pale cream to light brown shells.


  • Belgian d’Uccles tend to go broody, which means they have a strong instinct to incubate eggs and raise chicks.
  • This broody behavior can be advantageous if you’re interested in hatching your chicks or if you have a reliable incubator. The hen’s dedication to caring for the eggs and chicks can help raise new poultry.
  • However, during periods of broodiness, hens will stop laying eggs, which can reduce overall egg production.

Managing Broodiness:

  • To encourage egg production and reduce broodiness, you can consider using various strategies, such as providing artificial light to simulate longer daylight hours. This can help suppress broodiness and encourage consistent egg-laying.
  • If you do want to hatch chicks, allowing a broody Belgian d’Uccle hen to incubate and raise them can be a rewarding experience. Just make sure to provide a safe and comfortable nesting area for her and the chicks.

Overall Considerations:

  • If you’re primarily interested in egg production, Belgian d’Uccles might not be the best choice. There are other breeds specifically bred for high egg production.
  • However, if you’re looking for an ornamental breed with a charming appearance and the potential for raising small numbers of chicks, Belgian d’Uccles can be a great choice.

Remember that individual hens can vary in behavior and egg production, so while Belgian d’Uccles might not be known for their egg-laying prowess, you might find some individuals within the breed that surprise you with their productivity.

Is Belgian d’Uccle Chicken Chicken Rare?

When it comes to rare and unique chicken breeds, the Belgian d’Uccle stands out. These chickens are not the everyday birds pecking around in every backyard coop. They are considered quite rare.

Belgian d’Uccle chickens have a distinct appearance with their fluffy plumage and feathered feet. Their small size adds to their charm, making them even more appealing to poultry enthusiasts who appreciate their beauty.

Due to their rarity, finding Belgian d’Uccle chickens can be a bit challenging. They are not as readily available as some other popular chicken breeds like Rhode Island Reds or Leghorns. If you’re lucky to come across a breeder or hatchery specializing in d’Uccles, consider yourself fortunate!

The scarcity of these birds also means that they often come with a higher price tag compared to more common chicken breeds. But for those who truly appreciate the uniqueness and elegance of the Belgian d’Uccle, it’s worth every penny.

Owning a rare breed like the Belgian d’Uccle is an opportunity to have an exotic addition to your flock and preserve and promote these beautiful chickens for future generations.

The Bottom Line

When it comes to Belgian d’Uccle chickens, there’s no denying their charm and beauty. With their unique appearance and friendly demeanor, these chickens are a joy to have in any backyard flock. Whether you’re a novice chicken owner or an experienced poultry enthusiast, the Belgian d’Uccle is sure to capture your heart.

One of the standout features of this breed is its stunning plumage. Every detail is a work of art, from the delicate feathered legs to the fluffy head crest. These birds come in various color variations, including Mille Fleur, Porcelain, and Self-Blue. No matter which variety you choose, you can be certain that your Belgian d’Uccle will turn heads with its striking appearance.

Due to their unique characteristics and limited availability in some areas, Belgian d’Uccles are considered rare by many poultry enthusiasts. This rarity only adds to their appeal for those seeking something special in their flock.

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