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10 Most Profitable Root Crops to Grow in the Philippines

Root crops are not only delicious and nutritious but can also be incredibly profitable for farmers in the Philippines. Growing root crops may be the answer if you want to start a new venture or diversify your existing farm. These edible tubers, rhizomes, and roots have long been staples in Filipino cuisine, and their demand continues to rise domestically and internationally. This blog post will explore the top 10 most profitable root crops to grow in the Philippines.

From carrots to peanuts, we’ll examine each crop’s planting timeline, best cultivation months, and harvesting season months. But before we explore these lucrative options, let’s first understand what a root crop is.

What is a Root Crop

Root crops are essential to our agricultural landscape, providing us with various edible tubers, rhizomes, and roots. These underground wonders serve as plants’ energy reserves, enabling them to survive adverse conditions such as drought or frost.

Edible tubers include crops like potatoes and sweet potatoes, which store their nutrients in swollen underground stems. Conversely, rhizomes are horizontal plant stems that grow underground and give rise to new shoots. Ginger is a prime example of a rhizome crop that not only adds flavor to dishes but has numerous health benefits.

profitable-root-crops

Root crops encompass vegetables like carrots and onions that derive their nutritional value from taproots or bulbous structures located below the soil surface. These versatile veggies enhance the taste of our meals and contribute vital vitamins and minerals to our diets.

What makes root crops so fascinating is their ability to adapt to various growing conditions. They can withstand pests and diseases better than many fruits or leafy vegetables. They also require less maintenance than other crops since they have built-in defense mechanisms against common ailments.

Furthermore, root crops have proven resilient against climate change as well. Their robust nature allows them to endure extreme weather conditions such as heat waves or heavy rainfall without compromising yield quality or quantity.

10 Most Profitable Root Crops to Grow in the Philippines

Important: Figures like yield per hectare and price per kilo are based on the May 2022 report of the Department of Agriculture. The price is average and is the closest estimate during this time. Prices change every day, especially the highly-controversial onion and garlic. Here are the ten most profitable root crops to grow if you plan to farm in the Philippines.

1. Carrot

  • Yield per hectare (in tons): 25
  • Farmgate price per kg: P45
  • Gross Income per hectare: P1.125M
  • Time from planting to harvest: 90 days

Carrots are one of the most popular root crops grown in the Philippines, and for good reason! Not only are they delicious and nutritious, but they also have a relatively short time from planting to harvest. On average, carrots take about 2-3 months to reach their full maturity.

The best time to plant carrots is during the cooler months of November to February when temperatures are not too hot. This ensures that the roots develop correctly without becoming woody or bitter.

carrots

When harvesting carrots, you can start pulling them out of the ground once they have reached a desirable size. However, if you prefer larger carrots, leave them in the ground for a bit longer.

Carrots in the Philippines can be harvested throughout most of the year since they are quite resilient and can withstand different climate conditions. So whether you’re growing them for your consumption or planning on selling them commercially, carrots make an excellent choice!

Remember that carrot seeds should be sown directly into well-prepared soil, as transplanting can cause root damage. With proper care and attention, you’ll soon be enjoying crisp and sweet homegrown carrots straight from your garden!

2. Onion (Sibuyas)

  • Yield per hectare (in tons): 9.5
  • Farmgate price per kg: P95
  • Gross Income per hectare: P902,500
  • Time from planting to harvest: 120 days

Onions are a savory and versatile vegetable that adds flavor to countless dishes. Did you know that onions are also among the most profitable root crops in the Philippines? With a relatively short time from planting to harvest, onions can be a great addition to your farming endeavors.

onions

It takes approximately 90-120 days to reach maturity from planting onion seeds or sets. The best months to plant onions in the Philippines are typically from October to November. This timing allows them to take advantage of cooler temperatures during their growth period.

When it comes time for harvesting, your onions should be ready around February or March. Look for yellowing foliage and falling over tops as signs that they are fully matured and ready for harvest. Once harvested, allow them time in a well-ventilated area until their outer skins dry out completely.

Onions are in high demand not only in local but also in international markets, making them a profitable crop choice. Whether you choose red, white, or yellow varieties, there’s always a market waiting for these flavorful bulbs.

3. Ube (Purple Yam)

  • Yield per hectare (in tons): 40
  • Farmgate price per kg: P22
  • Gross Income per hectare: P880,000
  • Time from planting to harvest: 6 to 8 months

Ube, also known as purple yam, is a highly profitable root crop that thrives in the tropical climate of the Philippines. From planting to harvest, it takes approximately six to eight months for ube tubers to develop and be ready for harvesting fully.

ube-Profitable-Root-Crops

The best time to plant ube is during the rainy season when the soil has sufficient moisture. The months of May to August are considered ideal for planting this root crop, as the weather conditions are favorable for its growth and development during this period.

The harvesting season for ube typically begins around December and can extend until February or March, depending on when the crops were planted. Proper timing is crucial when harvesting ube because if left too long in the ground, they may become oversized or lose their quality.

Due to its vibrant purple color and unique flavor, ube has gained popularity not only locally but also internationally. Its versatility makes it a sought-after ingredient in various desserts, such as cakes, ice cream, and pastries. Additionally, it can be processed into jams or used as a natural food coloring agent.

Cultivating Ube can bring significant returns in terms of profitability due to its high demand in both local and international markets. Farmers can maximize their profits from growing this versatile root crop with proper cultivation techniques and market knowledge.

4. Ginger (Luya)

  • Yield per hectare (in tons): 11
  • Farmgate price per kg: P72
  • Gross Income per hectare: P792,000
  • Time from planting to harvest: 8 to 10 months

Ginger is not just a flavorful spice but also a highly profitable root crop to grow in the Philippines. From planting to harvest, it takes about 8 to 10 months for ginger plants to fully mature and be ready for harvesting. The best months to plant ginger are June to August when the weather is warm and humid.

ginger-Profitable-Root-Crops

During this time, the soil should be well-prepared by loosening it and adding organic matter like compost or manure. Ginger rhizomes can then be planted directly into the soil with a spacing of about 15-20 cm apart.

As ginger grows, it requires regular watering and weed control. Harvesting season usually begins around February or March, when the leaves turn yellow and dry up. Carefully dig out the rhizomes using a garden fork or spade to avoid damaging them.

Once harvested, ginger can be sold fresh or dried for various uses, such as culinary purposes or herbal remedies. With its high demand in local markets and export potential, growing ginger can bring significant profits for farmers in the Philippines.

Cultivating ginger requires patience and attention to detail throughout its growth cycle. But with proper care, this root crop can yield great rewards!

5. Sweet Potato (Kamote)

  • Yield per hectare (in tons): 30
  • Farmgate price per kg: P20
  • Gross Income per hectare: P600,000
  • Time from planting to harvest: 3 to 4 months

Sweet potatoes are not only delicious but also one of the most profitable root crops to grow in the Philippines. If you’re considering adding them to your garden, here’s what you need to know.

sweet-potato-Profitable-Root-Crops

The time from planting sweet potato slips (young plants) to harvest typically ranges from three to four months. This relatively short growing period makes sweet potatoes an attractive option for farmers looking for a quick turnaround on their investment.

The best months to plant sweet potatoes are during the dry season when there is less chance of excessive rainfall. The ideal months for planting sweet potatoes in the Philippines are usually between February and May.

When it comes to harvesting season, you can expect your sweet potatoes to be ready for harvest around seven days after flowering or when leaves begin turning yellow. It’s important not to wait too long before harvesting, as over-ripened sweet potatoes may become fibrous and lose some flavor.

Whether you choose traditional orange-fleshed, purple, or white varieties, there is a market demand for all types of sweet potatoes in the Philippines. With proper care and cultivation techniques, growing this root crop can be a lucrative venture that brings taste and profitability straight from your backyard.

6. Potato (Patatas)

  • Yield per hectare (in tons): 12
  • Farmgate price per kg: P38
  • Gross Income per hectare: P456,000
  • Time from planting to harvest: 3 to 4 months

Potatoes are one of the Philippines’ most versatile and profitable root crops. From planting to harvest, potatoes usually mature in three to four months. The best months to plant potatoes are during the dry season, specifically from November to February.

patatas

You can use seeds or small whole potatoes with at least two “eyes” or sprouts to start growing potatoes. Plant them about 10-15 centimeters deep in well-drained loose soil. Space them out properly, leaving about 30-40 centimeters between each potato.

Potato plants require regular watering, but be cautious not to overwater them as this can lead to rotting tubers. It’s also important to provide adequate nutrients by applying organic fertilizers once a month.

When it comes time for harvesting, you’ll know the potatoes are ready when the tops of the plants turn yellow and dry up. Gently dig around the base of the plant and carefully lift out those precious spuds!

Growing potatoes can be a rewarding financial experience due to their high market demand all year round. They’re used in various dishes like fries and mashed potatoes and even as ingredients in snacks such as chips and crackers.

So why not consider adding this profitable root crop to your farming endeavors? With proper care and attention throughout its growth cycle, you’ll surely reap bountiful rewards!

7. Cassava (Kamoteng Kahoy, or Balinghoy)

  • Yield per hectare (in tons): 25
  • Farmgate price per kg: P18
  • Gross Income per hectare: P450,000
  • Time from planting to harvest: 8 to 10 months

Cassava, yuca, or manioc, is a highly profitable root crop that can be grown in the Philippines. From planting to harvest, cassava typically takes about 8-10 months to reach maturity. The best months to plant cassava are during the dry season, specifically from January to March.

kamoteng-kahoy

Cassava has a long harvesting season which makes it even more lucrative for farmers. Once the plants have reached maturity, they can be harvested continuously for up to two years. This means that farmers can enjoy a steady income stream throughout this period.

One reason cassava is such a profitable crop is its versatility and high demand in various industries. It can be used as food or animal feed or processed into different products such as flour or starch. Additionally, cassava plants are relatively low-maintenance and require less water than other crops.

Another advantage of growing cassava is its resilience against pests and diseases. Cassavas generally resist common agricultural threats, such as nematodes and fungal infections. This reduces the need for chemical pesticides and lowers production costs.

Furthermore, cassavas have proven resilient against climate change and drought conditions. Their deep roots allow them access to groundwater even during dry spells when other crops may struggle.

Growing cassava presents an excellent opportunity for Filipino farmers looking for profitable root crops. Its relatively short time from planting to harvest and long harvesting season, combined with its resilience against pests, diseases, and climate change, make it an ideal choice for maximizing profits in the agriculture industry.

8. Garlic (Bawang, Ahos)

  • Yield per hectare (in tons): 2.78
  • Farmgate price per kg: P108
  • Gross Income per hectare: P300,240
  • Time from planting to harvest: 105 to 120 days

Garlic, a spicy and flavorful root crop, has been used for centuries in various cuisines worldwide. In the Philippines, it is not only prized for its culinary uses but also for its potential profitability as a cash crop.

Garlic
Garlic

Timing is crucial when planting garlic. The ideal time to plant garlic bulbs is during the cool months of November to January. This allows the crop to establish strong roots before warmer weather.

From planting to harvest, garlic typically takes around 105 to 120 days. During this time, careful attention must be given to watering and weeding to ensure healthy growth. Harvesting season usually occurs from June to July when the leaves turn yellow and dry out.

One of the reasons why growing garlic can be profitable is its relatively low maintenance compared to other crops. Garlic plants are known for their resilience against pests and diseases, making them easier to cultivate without relying heavily on chemical interventions.

Furthermore, garlic’s ability to withstand climate changes makes it an attractive option for Filipino farmers who often face unpredictable weather patterns. With proper care and cultivation practices, growing garlic can yield significant profits for those who venture into this root crop market.

9. Singkamas (Jicama)

  • Yield per hectare (in tons):  20
  • Farmgate price per kg: P15
  • Gross Income per hectare: P230,000
  • Time from planting to harvest: 4 to 6 months

Singkamas, also known as jicama or Mexican yam bean, is a root crop that thrives in tropical climates like the Philippines. From planting to harvest, it usually takes 4 to 6 months for singkamas to develop and be fully ready for harvesting.

singkamas

The best time to plant singkamas is during the dry season when the soil is warm and well-drained. Sowing the seeds directly into well-prepared beds or containers with loose soil is recommended. Singkamas plants require regular watering, especially during hot weather.

The harvesting season for singkamas typically falls between October and February. You can expect a bountiful yield of crisp and juicy tubers during this time. To harvest singkamas, gently dig around the base of the plant and carefully lift out the tubers without damaging them.

Singkamas are not only delicious but also packed with nutrients such as fiber, vitamin C, potassium, and antioxidants. Their crunchy texture makes them a popular addition to salads or eaten raw as a refreshing snack.

With its relatively short growing period and high demand in local markets, cultivating singkamas can be profitable for farmers in the Philippines. Plus, it requires minimal maintenance compared to other crops!

10. Peanut (Mani)

  • Yield per hectare (in tons):  0.9 (900 grams)
  • Farmgate price per kg: P43
  • Gross Income per hectare: P38,700
  • Time from planting to harvest: 120 to 150 days (3 to 4 months)

Peanuts, or groundnuts, are a highly profitable root crop in the Philippines. Peanuts typically take around 120-150 days to mature from planting to harvest. The best months to plant peanuts are from May to July, as they prefer warm weather and well-drained soil.

mani

During the harvesting season, which usually falls between September and November, farmers can expect a bountiful yield of this nutritious tuber. Peanuts thrive in tropical climates like the Philippines and require minimal maintenance throughout their growth cycle.

One of the reasons why growing peanuts is advantageous is their ability to withstand pests and diseases better than other crops. This makes them suitable for farmers who want to minimize chemical inputs. Additionally, peanuts have high resistance against climate changes such as drought or excessive rainfall.

Regarding market demand, peanut products such as peanut butter and roasted peanuts remain popular among Filipinos. With relatively low production costs and steady consumer demand locally and internationally, cultivating peanuts can be lucrative for farmers seeking profitable root crops.

Why Plant Root Crops Instead of Fruits and Leafy Vegetables

Root crops offer several advantages over fruits and leafy vegetables. One key benefit is their ability to withstand pests and diseases. Unlike other crops, root vegetables naturally resist many common pests and diseases, making them easier to grow without the need for excessive chemical interventions.

Additionally, root crops require less work compared to other types of plants. They are typically low maintenance and don’t require constant attention or care. Once planted, they can thrive independently with minimal intervention from farmers.

Moreover, growing root crops also reduce reliance on synthetic chemicals in agriculture. These crops naturally deter pests due to their unique flavors and aromas, eliminating the need for harsh pesticides that can harm human health and the environment.

Root vegetables are known for their resilience in different climate conditions. They can adapt well to changes in temperature and moisture levels, making them more resistant to droughts or floods than other types of produce.

By choosing profitable root crops as part of your farming strategy instead of fruits or leafy vegetables, you can enjoy these numerous benefits while reaping substantial profits from your harvests. So why not give it a try?

The Bottom Line

In a world where agriculture plays a crucial role in our economy, it’s essential to explore crops that offer high profitability and resilience. Root crops have proven to be an excellent choice for farmers in the Philippines due to their ability to withstand pests, diseases, and climate change.

One major advantage of cultivating root crops is that they require less work compared to fruits and leafy vegetables. These hardy plants are naturally resistant to many pests and diseases commonly found on farms. This means less reliance on harmful chemicals like pesticides or herbicides, benefitting both farmers’ health and the environment.

Moreover, root crops are known for their ability to adapt to different climatic conditions. With unpredictable weather patterns becoming increasingly common due to climate change concerns worldwide, investing in resilient root crop cultivation offers stability against adverse environmental factors.

Whether you’re an experienced farmer looking for profitable options or someone considering starting your agricultural venture from scratch, exploring opportunities with root crops is undoubtedly worth considering. The demand for these versatile staples remains consistently high throughout the year, making them a reliable source of income.

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