Saturday, April 13News That Matters

Silver Perch: 10 Health Benefits of Ayungin, Description, and Side Effects

Are you looking for a fish that not only tantalizes your taste buds but also offers numerous health benefits? Look no further than Ayungin, also known as Silver Perch. With its delicate flavor and impressive nutritional profile, this small freshwater fish is gaining popularity among health-conscious individuals. In this blog post, we will explore the fascinating world and health benefits of Ayungin fish – from its scientific name to its physical characteristics to potential side effects.

What is Ayungin Fish

Ayungin (Tagalog), Silver Perch (English), scientifically known as Leiopotherapon plumbeus, is a small freshwater fish in the family Terapontidae. Native to the Philippines, It can be found in various bodies of water, such as lakes and rivers.

In terms of appearance, Ayungin has an elongated body with a slightly compressed shape. Its scales are silvery, giving it a shimmering appearance when exposed to light. The dorsal fin is positioned closer to the head than the tail, while the anal fin is located near the tail.

Ayungin caught in Laguna Lake

This species typically grows up to 10 centimeters in length but can reach a maximum size of around 15 centimeters. Despite its small size, Ayungin packs a flavorful punch. Many describe its taste as mild and sweet, with hints of freshness reminiscent of other freshwater fish varieties.

Regarding habitat preference, Ayungin thrives in calm waters with abundant aquatic vegetation or submerged structures like rocks and tree trunks, where they find refuge from predators. They are primarily found in lakes and slow-moving rivers and lakes across different regions of the Philippines.

One attractive physical characteristic of Ayungin fish is their ability to adapt and survive in low-oxygen environments by using air-breathing organs called labyrinth organs. This adaptation allows them to thrive even in areas with limited oxygen levels.

Ayungin fish not only captivates its exquisite appearance but also entices taste buds with its delightful flavor profile. Let’s now explore the nutritional benefits this little gem has to offer!

Ayungin Nutrition Per 100g

In just 100 grams of this delectable fish, you’ll find an array of essential nutrients to support your overall health and well-being. Here is the nutritional information for ayungin fish (snoek) per 100 grams:

  • Calories: 116
  • Fat: 3 grams
  • Carbohydrates: 0 grams
  • Protein: 20 grams
  • Cholesterol: 62 milligrams
  • Sodium: 76 milligrams
  • Potassium: 323 milligrams
  • Vitamin A: 100 IU
  • Vitamin C: 0 milligrams
  • Calcium: 11 milligrams
  • Iron: 1 milligram

Ayungin fish is a good source of protein, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin A. It is also a low-calorie food, making it a good choice for people trying to lose or maintain a healthy weight.

Health Benefits of Ayungin

Like many other types of fish, Ayungin offers several potential health benefits due to its nutritional content. While specific nutritional values can vary, here are some possible health benefits of consuming Ayungin fish:

  1. Rich in Protein: Fish, including Ayungin, is a great source of high-quality protein. Protein is essential for building and repairing tissues in the body, supporting immune function, and maintaining healthy skin, hair, and nails.
  2. Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Fish like Ayungin are often a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, particularly eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Omega-3 fatty acids are associated with numerous health benefits, including supporting heart health by reducing inflammation, improving blood vessel function, and reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
  3. Brain Health: The omega-3 fatty acids found in Ayungin fish also benefit brain health. DHA, in particular, is a major structural component of the brain and has been linked to cognitive function, memory, and mood regulation.
  4. Eye Health: Omega-3 fatty acids, especially DHA, play a role in maintaining healthy eyes and vision. Consuming fish like Ayungin may help reduce the risk of age-related macular degeneration and dry eye syndrome.
  5. Nutrient Density: Ayungin fish contains essential vitamins and minerals such as vitamin B12, niacin, riboflavin, phosphorus, selenium, and potassium. These nutrients are important for energy production, nerve function, bone health, and electrolyte balance.
  6. Heart Health: The omega-3 fatty acids in Ayungin fish can help lower triglyceride levels, reduce blood pressure, and improve overall heart health. Regular fish consumption has been associated with a decreased risk of heart disease.
  7. Anti-Inflammatory Properties: Omega-3 fatty acids have anti-inflammatory effects that can help alleviate chronic inflammation linked to various health conditions, including cardiovascular diseases and certain autoimmune disorders.
  8. Weight Management: Fish is a lean source of protein that can help with weight management. Protein-rich foods like Ayungin fish can promote feelings of fullness and satiety, potentially reducing overeating.
  9. Bone Health: The phosphorus content in Ayungin fish supports bone health by contributing to the mineral density of bones and teeth.
  10. Support for Metabolism: The B vitamins in Ayungin fish, including B12 and riboflavin, play crucial roles in metabolism, energy production, and the functioning of the nervous system.

It’s important to note that while Ayungin fish offers various potential health benefits, dietary choices should be well-rounded and diverse. Including various nutrient-rich foods in your diet and practicing moderation is key to supporting overall health and well-being. If you have specific health concerns or dietary needs, it’s recommended to consult with a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian.

Side Effects and Disadvantages of Ayungin

Ayungin is generally safe to eat when consumed in moderation. However, there are some potential side effects and disadvantages to consider, such as:

  1. Allergic reaction: Some people may be allergic to ayungin fish, and symptoms can range from mild to severe. If you have any concerns, it is best to consult a doctor before eating ayungin fish.
  2. Heavy metals: Ayungin fish can accumulate heavy metals, such as mercury, from the water they live in. These heavy metals can harm human health if consumed in high amounts. It is important to choose ayungin fish from a reputable source that tests for heavy metals.
  3. Fishy taste: Some people may find the taste of ayungin fish too strong or fishy. If you are not a fan of the taste, there are other fish that you may prefer.
  4. Cost: Ayungin fish is relatively expensive, so it may not be affordable for everyone.

Overall, ayungin fish is a healthy and nutritious food that can be enjoyed as part of a balanced diet. However, it is important to be aware of the potential side effects and disadvantages before consuming it.

Here are some tips for reducing the risk of side effects from eating ayungin fish:

  • Choose ayungin fish from a reputable source that tests for heavy metals.
  • Cook ayungin fish thoroughly to reduce the risk of harmful bacteria.
  • Eat ayungin fish in moderation.

If you have any concerns about the safety of eating ayungin fish, it is best to consult with a doctor.

How to Prepare and Cook Ayungin

Ayungin fish can be prepared in various ways, depending on its form (fresh, dried, fillet, canned, bottled, fermented, etc.) and your culinary preferences. Here are some common methods for preparing Ayungin fish:

  1. Fresh Ayungin:
    • Cleaning: Scale, gut, and clean the fish thoroughly.
    • Seasoning: Season with salt, pepper, and other desired spices.
    • Grilling: Grill the fish over an open flame or on a barbecue until cooked through and the skin is crispy.
    • Frying: Coat the fish with flour or breadcrumbs and shallow fry in oil until golden brown and cooked.
    • Steaming: Steam the fish with ginger, garlic, and soy sauce for a healthier cooking method that retains the fish’s natural flavors.
  2. Dried Ayungin:
    • Soaking: Before cooking, dried fish needs to be soaked in water to rehydrate it. Change the water several times to remove excess saltiness.
    • Cooking: Once rehydrated, dried Ayungin can be added to stews, soups, or sautéed with vegetables.
  3. Fillet Ayungin:
    • Marinating: Marinate the fillets with herbs, citrus juices, and spices to enhance flavor.
    • Baking: Bake the fillets in the oven with a drizzle of oil and seasoning until cooked through.
    • Pan-Frying: Coat the fillets with flour or breadcrumbs and pan-fry until crispy and cooked.
  4. Canned or Bottled Ayungin:
    • Canned or bottled Ayungin can be used as a ready-to-eat ingredient in salads, sandwiches, or pasta dishes.
    • Drain the liquid before using the fish.
  5. Fermented Ayungin:
    • Fermented fish is often used in Filipino cuisine to add unique flavors to dishes.
    • Bagoong: Ayungin fish can be fermented with salt to create bagoong, a popular condiment in Filipino recipes like Kare-Kare and Pinakbet.
  6. Fish Sauce:
    • Ayungin fish can also make fish sauce (patis) by fermenting the fish with salt.
    • Fish sauce is a staple in Southeast Asian cooking and a flavor enhancer in various dishes.

When preparing Ayungin fish or any seafood, handling and cooking it properly is important to ensure safety and preserve its flavor. Here are some general tips:

  • Always clean the fish thoroughly before cooking, removing scales, guts, and other undesirable parts.
  • If cooking whole fish, make shallow cuts on both sides to ensure even cooking and better flavor absorption.
  • Use fresh ingredients and herbs to enhance the fish’s taste.
  • Adjust cooking times based on the thickness of the fish to avoid overcooking.
  • Be cautious when handling dried or fermented fish, as they can be pretty salty and pungent.

Remember that cooking methods and seasonings can be adapted to your taste preferences and cultural influences. Feel free to explore different recipes and techniques to enjoy Ayungin fish in ways that suit your palate.

Conservation Status of Ayungin

Many freshwater fish species worldwide are experiencing various conservation concerns due to habitat loss, pollution, overfishing, and other human activities. Factors contributing to the decline of Ayungin populations include:

  1. Habitat Degradation: Urbanization, agriculture, dam construction, and other human activities can destroy and alter freshwater habitats. These changes can disrupt fish species’ natural breeding, feeding, and migration patterns.
  2. Water Pollution: Pollution from industrial, agricultural, and residential sources can contaminate freshwater ecosystems. Polluted waters can impact fish health, reproductive success, and overall survival.
  3. Overfishing: Unsustainable fishing practices, including overharvesting and destructive fishing methods, can deplete fish populations. This is a significant concern for many species as they struggle to reproduce and maintain their numbers.
  4. Invasive Species: Introducing non-native species can disrupt ecosystems and outcompete native fish species for resources, leading to declines in native populations.
  5. Climate Change: Changes in water temperature, flow patterns, and other aspects of freshwater habitats due to climate change can affect fish behavior, reproduction, and survival.

Given these potential threats, it’s important to implement conservation measures to protect freshwater fish species like Ayungin. Conservation efforts might include:

  • Habitat Protection: Establishing protected areas and conservation zones to safeguard critical habitats for freshwater fish.
  • Regulation: Implementing fishing regulations, such as size limits, catch quotas, and seasonal bans, to prevent overfishing.
  • Restoration: Rehabilitating degraded freshwater habitats to improve their suitability for fish populations.
  • Research and Monitoring: Conducting studies to understand better the biology, behavior, and population trends of fish species, which can inform conservation strategies.
  • Community Involvement: Engaging local communities in conservation initiatives to raise awareness and promote sustainable fishing practices.
  • Legislation and Policy: Enacting and enforcing laws and regulations that promote the conservation of freshwater ecosystems and their biodiversity.

For the most up-to-date information on the conservation status of Ayungin fish, I recommend checking with relevant local and international conservation organizations, government agencies, and scientific research publications, especially the BFAR.


Ayungin, also known as Silver Perch, is a small freshwater fish that offers a wide range of health benefits. Packed with essential nutrients like omega-3 fatty acids, protein, vitamins, and minerals, Ayungin can be a valuable addition to your diet. Its low mercury content makes it safe for consumption even for pregnant women and children.

The health benefits of Ayungin include improving heart health, boosting brain function, supporting weight loss efforts, enhancing immune system function, promoting healthy skin and hair, and reducing the risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes and cancer.

However beneficial Ayungin may be for your health, it’s important to note that there are potential side effects associated with consuming this fish. Some individuals may experience allergic reactions or digestive issues when consuming Ayungin. It’s always recommended to consult with a healthcare professional if you have any concerns or pre-existing medical conditions.

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